Archive for July 2012
Microbiomes are the communities of microorganisms that live in, or on, host plants or animals. They are a subject quite literally close to our hearts (and every other major organ).
Over the past four years, the Human Microbiome Project has spent billions trying to define the species of bacteria that are associated with different parts of our bodies, known as the human reference microbiome. The researchers were looking for species that are consistent between humans, but what they actually discovered is that there is no such thing as a typical human microbiome. The bacteria living in your mouth could be very different to those living in my mouth, but they both do the same job. How could this be?